The Good Haul - Environmental Defense Fund

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The Good Haul Innovations That Improve Freight Transportation and Protect the Environment

The Good Haul Innovations That Improve Freight Transportation and Improve the Environment

Authors Carrie Denning Camille Kustin

Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the following individuals for their time and cooperation in providing information for this report: Jerilyn López Mendoza (Port of Los Angeles), Sarah Flagg (Port of Seattle), Samara Ashley (Port of Long Beach), Laura Guillot Wilkison (City of Chicago), Susann Dutt (Port of Gothenburg), Anne Stack and Sonja Schriener (SkySails), John Kaltenstein (Friends of the Earth), Brett Kats (NYK Line), Bridget Hegge and Ed Whitmore (64 Express), Grant Castle and Peter Hamlin (SeaBridge Freight), Peter Drakos (Coastal Connect), Rockford Weitz (Institute for Global Maritime Studies), Heather Mantz (Port of Virginia), Svea Truax (RSEC Environmental & Engineering), Andy Panson and Joe Calavita (California Air Resources Board), Aditya Sudhakar (City of Boston), Meghan Higgins (AJW Inc.), Cliff Gladstein (Gladstein, Neandross & Associates), Kevin Downing (Oregon Department of Environmental Quality), Jeff Kim (Shorepower Technologies), Joe Zietsman (Texas Transportation Institute), Mark Ellis (EA Logistics), Mark O’Bryan and Cheryl Harrison (Panastream, LLC, and Harrison Design Group), Daniela Spiessman (Deutsche Post DHL), Michael Simon (General Atomics), and Robin Chapman (Norfolk Southern Corporation). Lilly Shoup and Raphael Isaac at Trans­porta­ tion for America both provided peer review; however the opinions expressed in this report are solely those of the authors. The following staff at Environmental Defense Fund also contributed to this report: Kathryn Phillips, John Mimikakis, Ramon Alvarez, and Elena Craft.

Environmental Defense Fund Environmental Defense Fund is dedicated to protecting the environmental rights of all people, including the right to clean air, clean water, healthy food and flourishing ecosystems. Guided by science, we work to create practical solutions that win lasting political, economic and social support because they are nonpartisan, cost-effective and fair. Cover photos (clockwise from top right): Nippon Yusen K.K. and Nippon Oil Corporation’s solar power-assisted vessel, the MV Auriga Leader, courtesy NYK Line; truck stop electrification, courtesy Jennifer Witherspoon; Norfolk Southern’s battery-powered switching locomotive, courtesy of Norfolk Southern Corporation. Printed on paper that is 100% recyled paper (50% postconsumer), totally chlorine free ©2010 Environmental Defense Fund The complete report is available online at edf.org.

Table of contents Executive summary

iv

Introduction

1

Chapter 1: Port and corridor cleanup plans

7

Chapter 2: Shoreside power

14

Chapter 3: Ship cleanup

18

Chapter 4: Coastal shipping

22

Chapter 5: Rail yard and port cargo handling equipment

26

Chapter 6: Diesel engine emissions reductions and incentives

30

Chapter 7: Truck tolling

37

Chapter 8: Truck stop electrification

40

Chapter 9: Logistics

44

Chapter 10: On-the-horizon technologies for rail, port and maritime

49

Conclusion

52

Notes

53

Environmental Defense Fund / edf.org

iii

Executive summary Solar powered ships. High-tech GPS truck tolling systems. Advanced diesel-electric engines. These are just a few of the technologies that the freight sector is using to reduce the pollution that comes from moving goods. Trade is the lifeblood of the global economy, but it comes at a high price for the environment and local communities. Moving freight creates traffic congestion, greenhouse gas emissions, toxic air p