“THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF DOMESTIC CONFLICTS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COLOMBIA, EL SALVADOR AND GUATEMALA”
A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA BY
Sandra P. Borda
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
Name of Adviser: Kathryn Sikkink
© Sandra P. Borda, May/2009
i Acknowledgments Throughout my years as a student, I have had the pleasure of meeting many people that have contributed in important ways to my development as a political scientist and scholar of international relations. To begin with, I have to express my gratitude to Juan Tokatlian, Alexander Wendt, Michael Barnett and Kathryn Sikkink. Each has been my advisor at some point in my career, and each one of them introduced me to new and fascinating aspects of the discipline. Furthermore, each has allowed me to better understand the complexities and challenges of the profession. I consider them great examples to follow and can only hope to have the opportunity to keep learning from all of them. I have obtained great feedback at different phases of this project. Kathryn Sikkink, Lisa Hilbink, Michael Barnett and David Samuels commented extensively on previous drafts of my dissertation; Joe Soss gave me very useful comments on various versions of my project; also, the members of my dissertation group at the University of Minnesota read carefully and patiently, chapter by chapter, my whole dissertation. They commented on it and discussed it with great enthusiasm and I am very grateful for their time and dedication. I am also grateful to various institutions: the Universidad del Rosario in Bogotá, Colombia, which first provided me with a generous opportunity and outstanding support to start my M.A. studies at the University of Chicago. Also, the University of Chicago, the University of Wisconsin, and the University of Minnesota all awarded me scholarships that allowed me to pursue my graduate education in the United States. Without their support I would simply not have been able to pursue an academic career. The ITAM and the Ford Foundation allowed me to advance an important part of my fieldwork in Mexico City, and the Munk Centre at the University of Toronto hosted me as a visiting scholar at the very beginning of the writing process. I appreciated Kenneth Mills’s hospitality in Toronto, and I thank Emmanuel Adler for the conversations about my dissertation project. I also want to thank ITAM faculty members for their help and guidance. The Universidad de Los Andes, the institution where I currently work as an assistant professor, supported me actively and in various ways throughout the last two years of my dissertation work. For this support, I want to especially thank Carl Langebeck, Maria Emma Wills, and Angelika Rettberg. I am also thankful to all my colleagues in the Political Science Department. Carlo Nasi generously gave me access to his own dissertation interviews, which were of great help for my analysis of the Guatemalan case. Felipe Botero, Luis Bernardo Mejía, and Juan Carlos Rodríguez constantly offered support and words of encouragement that I greatly appreciate. I also thank Colciencias for its financial support during the last stage of the writing process.
ii There is a long list of friends and fellow graduate students that were always willing to offer feedback, support, and company. Over the years, I have made great friends in the United States and thanks to them I will always think of this country as my second home. I do not have space to name them all but they know, each one of them, that they were a crucial part of this process and I could have never gone through the oftentimes difficult process of earning a PhD without their support. Especially, I want to thank Matt Hindman for his company, his good sense of humor, and his patience during the last stage of this process. He kept me grounded and reminded me not to take myself too seriously