The Right to education for persons with disabilities - unesdoc - Unesco

measures to make their education systems more inclusive of persons with ... of UNESCO's Convention on Technical and Vocational Education (1989) states that ...
7MB Sizes 0 Downloads 539 Views
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Monitoring of the Implementation of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education (8th Consultation)

The Right to Education for Persons with Disabilities Overview of the Measures Supporting the Right to Education for Persons with Disabilities reported on by Member States

This document was first prepared as a background document for the parallel session “Implementing Inclusive Education to meet the Educational Needs of Persons with Disabilities” at the International Conference “From Exclusion to Empowerment: Role of ICTs for Persons with Disabilities” (24-26 November 2014, New Delhi, India). Published in 2015 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France © UNESCO 2015 All rights reserved The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The ideas and opinions expressed in this document are those of the authors; they are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization. Designed and printed by UNESCO The printer is certified Imprim’Vert®, the French printing industry’s environmental initiative. Printed in France CLD/458.15 ED-2015/WS/3

Introduction “We raise the flag for education as a universal human right -- no one must be denied access because of disability. This is a UNESCO priority, and we are acting across the world to break down barriers for people with disabilities, to empower them as agents of change. This means transforming schools and learning centres. It means adapting teaching practices to cater for all. This is why I urge all Governments and development partners, all teachers, parents and private sector providers, to remove the barriers to and in learning, to realize the full and equal participation of all persons with disabilities in society.” – Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of the Global Action Week 20141 It is estimated that more than one billion people around the world have some form of disability2 – with over four in five persons living in developing countries3 – and 93 million of them are children under the age of 14 living with a ‘moderate or severe disability’.4 Despite these rough numbers, there is a severe lack of concrete and accurate data showing the true scale of discrimination worldwide and on a national level. This is even more the case for education-related data, as there is only little information regarding persons with disabilities. Approximate figures show that the situation is worrying with about 62 million children at primary school age having a disability around the world and 186 million children with disabilities who have not completed primary school education.5 The lack of data on people with disabilities is severely constraining the ability of the international community to monitor the situation of children, youths and adults with disabilities. There has been insufficient attention to the need to collect data on disabilities and link them to education outcomes, and even when collected, the scale of disabilities is often un-reported.6 Societies’ misperception of different forms and types of disability and the limited capacity of social actors to accommodate special needs often place these people on the margin. People with disabilities experience inequalities in their daily lives, and have fewer opportunities to access a quality education that takes place in a truly inclusive environment. In order to ensure equal educational opportunities for all without discrimination or exclusion UNESCO promotes a human rights-based approach to education. UNESCO is advocating for the inclusive dimensions of the right to education, notably through the implementation of the 1960 UNESCO Con