The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2010 - Food and ...

the degree of industrialization of fishing activities, and, in Africa and Asia, also the key .... 1976 to 39 percent in 2008, reflecting the sector's growing degree of ...
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PART 1 WORLD REVIEW OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE

3 WORLD REVIEW OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE

Fisheries resources: trends in production, utilization and trade

OVERVIEW Capture fisheries and aquaculture supplied the world with about 142 million tonnes of fish in 2008 (Table 1 and Figure 1; all data presented are subject to rounding). Of this, 115 million tonnes was used as human food, providing an estimated apparent per capita supply of about 17 kg (live weight equivalent), which is an all-time high (Table 1 and Figure 2). Aquaculture accounted for 46 percent of total food fish supply, a slightly lower proportion than reported in The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2008 owing to a major downward revision of aquaculture and capture fishery production statistics by China (see below), but representing a continuing increase from 43 percent in 2006. Outside China, per capita supply has remained fairly static in recent years as growth in supply from aquaculture has offset a small decline in capture fishery production and a rising population (Table 2). In 2008, per capita food fish supply was estimated at 13.7 kg if data for China are excluded. In 2007, fish accounted for 15.7 percent of the global population’s intake of animal protein and 6.1 percent of all protein consumed. Globally, fish provides more than 1.5 billion people with almost 20 percent of their average per capita intake of animal protein, and 3.0 billion people with at least 15 percent of such protein. In 2007, the average annual per capita

Table 1 World fisheries and aquaculture production and utilization 2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

(Million tonnes)

PRODUCTION INLAND 8.6

9.4

9.8

10.0

10.2

10.1

Aquaculture

Capture

25.2

26.8

28.7

30.7

32.9

35.0

Total inland

33.8

36.2

38.5

40.6

43.1

45.1

MARINE Capture

83.8

82.7

80.0

79.9

79.5

79.9

Aquaculture

16.7

17.5

18.6

19.2

19.7

20.1

Total marine

100.5

100.1

98.6

99.2

99.2

100.0

TOTAL CAPTURE

92.4

92.1

89.7

89.9

89.7

90.0

TOTAL AQUACULTURE

41.9

44.3

47.4

49.9

52.5

55.1

134.3

136.4

137.1

139.8

142.3

145.1

104.4

107.3

110.7

112.7

115.1

117.8

29.8

29.1

26.3

27.1

27.2

27.3

6.4

6.5

6.6

6.7

6.8

6.8

16.2

16.5

16.8

16.9

17.1

17.2

TOTAL WORLD FISHERIES UTILIZATION Human consumption Non-food uses Population (billions) Per capita food fish supply (kg)

Note: Excluding aquatic plants. Data for 2009 are provisional estimates.

4

The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2010

apparent fish supply in developing countries was 15.1 kg, and 14.4 kg in low-income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs). In LIFDCs, which have a relatively low consumption of animal protein, the contribution of fish to total animal protein intake was significant – at 20.1 percent – and is probably higher than that indicated by official statistics in view of the underrecorded