The US Commercial Suborbital Industry - Bryce Space and Technology

SySTEM SNAPShOT. • 8 •. Blue Origin is a privately funded aerospace company developed by Amazon.com Founder Jeff. Bezos in 2000. The company's focus is on VTVL vehicle development. The company plans an initial focus on suborbital vehicles, followed by a move to orbital vehicles. Vehicle manufacturing is at Blue.
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U. S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration

The U.S. Commercial Suborbital Industry:

HQ-111460.INDD

A Space Renaissance in the Making

About the Office of Commercial Space Transportation The Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation (FAA/AST) licenses and regulates U.S. commercial space launch and reentry activity, as well as the operation of non-federal launch and reentry sites, as authorized by Executive Order 12465 and Title 51 United States Code, Subtitle V, Chapter 509 (formerly the Commercial Space Launch Act). FAA/AST’s mission is to ensure public health and safety and the safety of property while protecting the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States during commercial launch and reentry operations. In addition, FAA/AST is directed to encourage, facilitate, and promote commercial space launches and reentries. Additional information concerning commercial space transportation can be found on FAA/AST’s website at http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/ast/.

NOTICE Use of trade names or names of manufacturers in this document does not constitute an official endorsement of such products or manufacturers, either expressed or implied, by the Federal Aviation Administration.

Cover art courtesy Phil Smith.

U.S. Commercial Suborbital Vehicles and Spaceports • Table of Contents

Table of Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Reusable Suborbital Launch Service Providers . . . . . . . 4 Armadillo Aerospace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Blue Origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Masten Space Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 UP Aerospace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Virgin Galactic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 XCOR Aerospace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Flight Testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Systems Under Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Launch Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Cape Canaveral Spaceport and Cecil Field Spaceport . . . . . . . 24 Mojave Air and Space Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Oklahoma Air and Space Port. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Spaceport America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Funding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 U.S. Commercial Suborbital Industry Markets. . . . . . . 36 Conclusion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

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Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation

Introduction This publication presents an overview of the

current emerging U.S. commercial reusable suborbital spaceflight industry and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) licensed commercial spaceports launching suborbital spacecraft. It also includes a summary of the markets composing the commercial reusable suborbital spaceflight industry and the types of funding service providers and manufacturers receive. The publication also serves as a primer for an upcoming suborbital market forecast that the FAA Office of Commercial Space Transportation (AST) will introduce as part of its annual Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts, published in the spring. FAA’s Role in Commercial Reusable Suborbital Spaceflight

AST was established in 1984 and transferred to the FAA in 1995. The office issues licenses and permits for commercial launches of orbital and suborbital vehicles. Since 1989, FAA/