Two Years afTer - OCHA oPt

Aug 26, 2016 - United Nations Country Team in the State of Palestine ... GAZA STRIP: AREAS RESTRICTED FOR PALESTINIAN ACCESS | AUGUST 2016.
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UNITED NATIONS



NATIONS UNIES

Gaza:

© Photo by OCHA

Two Years After

Shuja’iyeh neighbourhood of Gaza City, March 2015.

United Nations Country Team in the State of Palestine

26 August 2016

GAZA STRIP: AREAS RESTRICTED FOR PALESTINIAN ACCESS | AUGUST 2016

Erez

na (C utic ea al se mi fir les e Ag Fis 3 na re hin u em g (fr tic en Lim om al t - it Ja mile No En nu sF ne for ar is m ce y hin be d 20 g r 2 by 09 Li 01 ID m to it 2) F No En ve fo m rce be d r 2 by 01 ID 2) F

» º ¹ Beit Lahiya Beit Hanoun Jabalia Gaza City

» º »¹ º ¹

6

O (2 slo 0 Ac na c ut ord ica s l m , 19 ile 95 s)

OPEN, six days a week for aid workers and humanitarian cases only.

Nahal Oz fuel pipeline CLOSED

) 06 les 02 20 mi 20 er al t, ob tic en ct au itm s) O n m ile (6 om m C al ni tic rti au Be 2 n (1

Karni

Deir al Balah

CLOSED

ISRAEL Khan Yunis

Mediterranean Sea Sufa CLOSED

Rafah

EGYPT

» º ¹

» º ¹ Airport

Rafah Closed but partially open on an exceptional basis for a limited number of authorized people, controlled by Egypt.

» º ¹ » º ¹

2

» º ¹

Kerem Shalom OPEN, five days a week (daytime) for the movement of authorized goods only, controlled by Israel. 0

2

4

8 Km

Crossing Point

No-Go Zone

Closed Crossing Point

High Risk Area

Current Fishing Limit Previous Fishing Limit Green Line

Built-up Area Refugee Camp

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Introduction Two years have passed since the 26 August 2014 ceasefire which ended the most devastating round of hostilities in Gaza since the beginning of the Israeli occupation in 1967. During those 51 days, at least 2,220 people were killed, of which 1,460 are believed to be civilians, including 11 United Nations (UN) personnel. Another 11,231 people were injured, of whom 899 people were permanently disabled. Children accounted for more than a quarter of all deaths and a third of those injured. Half a million people - 28% of Gaza’s population - were displaced due to the fighting, and even as hostilities subsided, over 18,000 families - 100,000 people - were unable to return as their homes had been heavily damaged or completely destroyed. The vast majority of the 1.9 million people living in Gaza were affected by the hostilities and the large-scale damage to infrastructure. In the two years since the end of the hostilities, the UN has worked closely with the Palestinian government, local communities and the private sector – as well as with other parts of the international community, including NGOs, the World Bank and Member States - to promote reconstruction and recovery in Gaza.

© Photo by Suhaib Salem/Reuters

This paper provides a snapshot of the progress made in the last two years as well as the main challenges in the

recovery and reconstruction effort, from the perspective of the UN Country Team in the State of Palestine. The report examines the wider imperative of reversing Gaza’s current development trajectory and of responding to the residual humanitarian needs of a population that in the past decade has experienced a number of military operations and had to deal with the impact of living under an Israeli blockade, restricting the movement of people as well as goods and affecting every aspect of daily life in the Gaza Strip.

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Palestinian boy sleeping inside his destroyed home in the Shuja’iyeh neighbourhood of Gaza City, September 2015.

Gaza Reconstruction:

Progress and Challenges The Detailed Needs Assessment and Recovery Framework for Gaza (DNA), published by the Government of the State of Palestine,