© Photo by OCHA
Two Years After
Shuja’iyeh neighbourhood of Gaza City, March 2015.
United Nations Country Team in the State of Palestine
26 August 2016
GAZA STRIP: AREAS RESTRICTED FOR PALESTINIAN ACCESS | AUGUST 2016
na (C utic ea al se mi ﬁr les e Ag Fis 3 na re hin u em g (fr tic en Lim om al t - it Ja mile No En nu sF ne for ar is m ce y hin be d 20 g r 2 by 09 Li 01 ID m to it 2) F No En ve fo m rce be d r 2 by 01 ID 2) F
» º ¹ Beit Lahiya Beit Hanoun Jabalia Gaza City
» º »¹ º ¹
O (2 slo 0 Ac na c ut ord ica s l m , 19 ile 95 s)
OPEN, six days a week for aid workers and humanitarian cases only.
Nahal Oz fuel pipeline CLOSED
) 06 les 02 20 mi 20 er al t, ob tic en ct au itm s) O n m ile (6 om m C al ni tic rti au Be 2 n (1
Deir al Balah
ISRAEL Khan Yunis
Mediterranean Sea Sufa CLOSED
» º ¹
» º ¹ Airport
Rafah Closed but partially open on an exceptional basis for a limited number of authorized people, controlled by Egypt.
» º ¹ » º ¹
» º ¹
Kerem Shalom OPEN, ﬁve days a week (daytime) for the movement of authorized goods only, controlled by Israel. 0
Closed Crossing Point
High Risk Area
Current Fishing Limit Previous Fishing Limit Green Line
Built-up Area Refugee Camp
Introduction Two years have passed since the 26 August 2014 ceasefire which ended the most devastating round of hostilities in Gaza since the beginning of the Israeli occupation in 1967. During those 51 days, at least 2,220 people were killed, of which 1,460 are believed to be civilians, including 11 United Nations (UN) personnel. Another 11,231 people were injured, of whom 899 people were permanently disabled. Children accounted for more than a quarter of all deaths and a third of those injured. Half a million people - 28% of Gaza’s population - were displaced due to the fighting, and even as hostilities subsided, over 18,000 families - 100,000 people - were unable to return as their homes had been heavily damaged or completely destroyed. The vast majority of the 1.9 million people living in Gaza were affected by the hostilities and the large-scale damage to infrastructure. In the two years since the end of the hostilities, the UN has worked closely with the Palestinian government, local communities and the private sector – as well as with other parts of the international community, including NGOs, the World Bank and Member States - to promote reconstruction and recovery in Gaza.
© Photo by Suhaib Salem/Reuters
This paper provides a snapshot of the progress made in the last two years as well as the main challenges in the
recovery and reconstruction effort, from the perspective of the UN Country Team in the State of Palestine. The report examines the wider imperative of reversing Gaza’s current development trajectory and of responding to the residual humanitarian needs of a population that in the past decade has experienced a number of military operations and had to deal with the impact of living under an Israeli blockade, restricting the movement of people as well as goods and affecting every aspect of daily life in the Gaza Strip.
Palestinian boy sleeping inside his destroyed home in the Shuja’iyeh neighbourhood of Gaza City, September 2015.
Progress and Challenges The Detailed Needs Assessment and Recovery Framework for Gaza (DNA), published by the Government of the State of Palestine,