Understanding Human Rights - ETC Graz

Published with funding of the Austrian Development. Agency and .... foundation upon which human development ...... or a red apple to represent temptation. The.
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Prohibition of Torture

Freedom from Poverty

Human Rights of Women

Freedom of Expression

Human Rights of the Child

Right to Democracy

Religious Freedoms

Human Rights in Armed Conflict

Fair Trial

Freedom of the Media

Human Security


Right to Education

Human Dignity

Right to Health


Right to Work

Rule of Law

Right to Privacy

Minority Rights

Right to Asylum




EDITED BY WOLFGANG BENEDEK European Training and Research Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (ETC)


A contribution to the Human Security Network on the initiative of the Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs, Austria, with funding from the Austrian Development Agency

Bibliographic information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available in the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de. All rights reserved. Publication in Belgium ISBN 978-1-78068-057-6 Intersentia N.V. Groenstraat 31 B-2640 Mortsel (Antwerpen) Phone: +32 3 680 15 50 Fax: +32 3 658 71 21 Publication in Germany ISBN 978-3-8305-3024-4 BWV Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag Markgrafenstraße 12-14 D-10969 Berlin Phone: +49 30 84 17 70-0 Fax: +49 30 84 17 70-21 Publication in Austria ISBN 978-3-7083-0846-3 Neuer Wissenschaftlicher Verlag GmbH Nfg KG Faradaygasse 6, 1030 Wien, Austria Phone: +43 1 796 35 62-24 Fax: +43 1 796 35 62-25 E-mail: [email protected] Geidorfgürtel 24, 8010 Graz, Austria E-mail: [email protected] www.nwv.at © NWV Neuer Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, Wien – Graz 2012

Impressum Published with funding of the Austrian Development Agency and the Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs of Austria. Editor of the 3rd edition Wolfgang Benedek © 2012, European Training and Research Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (ETC), Graz Layout JANTSCHER Werberaum www.werberaum.at Printed in EU


PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION The promotion and protection of human rights has always been a core priority of Austria’s foreign policy. Human rights education constitutes an essential part of our engagement. In order to live a life in security and dignity, people must be aware of their fundamental rights and freedoms and they must be confident that their governments acknowledge and ensure these rights. It is therefore one of Austria’s major objectives, also as a member of the Executive Board of UNESCO, to promote and support initiatives that encourage individuals to increase their knowledge and understanding of all their rights and those of others. Human rights education is about more than just the simple knowledge of a set of rules and principles. It is also about attitude and behaviour, and about change in attitude and behaviour. People must not only be provided with a general understanding of what human rights are, but they must also be shown how human rights are relevant to them and how they can apply and defend human rights in their daily life and work. The Manual on Human Rights Education “Understanding Human Rights” was first presented to the public at the Ministerial Meeting of the Human Security Network in 2003. Elaborated by a dedicated team of renowned Austrian and international experts under the auspices of the European Training and Research Centre for Human Rights and Democracy (ETC) in Graz, Austria, the Manual is designed to train multipliers in human rights education in all regions of the world. It offers training modules, which can be adapted by their users according to diff