Understanding the strategic consequences of additive Manufacturing ...

technology and CAD software with internet commerce and online collaboration, crowd-sourcing ... Other manufacturing includes a range of low-tech, bespoke.
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Prof. Göran Roos

Key Enabling technologies are technology domains that are knowledge intensive and associated with high R&D intensity, rapid innovation cycles, high capital expenditure, highlyhighly-skilled employment, and that not only underpin most industrial activities across sectors but that also form industrial sectors in their own right. They include in my definition: Information and Communication Technologies, Nanotechnology, MicroMicro- and NanoNano-electronics, Industrial biotechnology, Photonics, Advanced materials, Advanced manufacturing Technologies, and Production Systems for High Cost Operating Environments.

© Copyright Göran Roos 2014

© Copyright Göran Roos 2014

© Copyright Göran Roos 2014

Implication by the fact that it can produce almost anything. Implications due to it requiring less assembly lines [solely needed for complex systems assemblies] less complex factories [apart from the production and distribution of the nano nano--powder and the assembly of the printer itself] Implications by its intertwining with advancements in material sciences, scanner technology and CAD software with internet commerce and online collaboration, crowd--sourcing and crowdcrowd crowd-funding. Implications it will be the digital designs and digital specifications and not the products themselves that will move around the world and the only physical movement will be the nano nano--powder and the additive manufacturing units themselves. The savings that will accrue in labour, tooling, assembly, shipping, inventory, working capital is posing a major threat for countries that have emphasised lowlow-cost traditional manufacturing. Instead there will be a growth in all the new service related activities that will take place in digital space e.g. Digital testing, digital simulation, digital file compression, etc. All requiring highly educated individuals and sophisticated tool development where the labour cost component in the service is small as a percentage of the value provided and hence can be executed in highhigh-cost countries.

© Copyright Göran Roos 2014

Share of patents within Advanced Manufacturing Technologies including additive manufacturing Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys Manufacture of basic precious/non-ferrous metals Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery Manufacture of other porcelain and ceramic products Manufacture of abrasive/non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of beverages R&D on nanotechnology Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products Manufacture of electronic components and boards Manufacture of glass and glass products R&D on biotechnology Manufacture of basic chemicals, fertilisers and nitrogen compounds, plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms Manufacture of refined petroleum products Electric power generation, transmission and distribution Other R&D on natural sciences and engineering Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, testing and navigation; watches and clocks Manufacture of military fighting vehicles Manufacture of optical instruments/photographic equipment Manufacture of other general-purpose machinery Higher education Manufacture of plastics products Architectural/engineering activities, technical consultancy Manufacture of electric motors, generators, transformers and electricity distribution and control apparatus Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment Manufacture of other chemical products Installation of industrial machinery and equipment Manufacture of consumer electronics Technical testing and analysis Manufacture of paints, varnishes, coatings, printing ink Manufacture of man-made fibres Manufacture of general-purpose machinery Manufacture of rubber products Preparation and spinning of textile Manufacture of other electrical equipment Manufacture of other food products Hospital activities © Copyright Göran Roos Manufacture of 2014 articles of paper and paperboard

20.5% 16.6% 11.9% 10.8% 10.3% 9.6% 9.3% 8.7% 8.7% 8