Undertaking systematic reviews - Department of Computer Science

Jul 9, 2007 - based Software Engineering project, meetings with domain experts in a variety of disciplines interested in evidence-based practice, and text ...
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Guidelines for performing Systematic Literature Reviews in Software Engineering Version 2.3 EBSE Technical Report Software Engineering Group School of Computer Science and Mathematics Keele University Keele, Staffs ST5 5BG, UK and Department of Computer Science University of Durham Durham, UK 9 July, 2007

© Kitchenham, 2007

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Document Control Section

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Contents

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Document Control Section......................................................................................i 0.1 Contents ..........................................................................................................i 0.2 Document Version Control .......................................................................... iii 0.3 Document development team ........................................................................v 0.4 Executive Summary ......................................................................................vi 0.5 Glossary ........................................................................................................vi 1. Introduction............................................................................................................1 1.1 Source Material used in the Construction of the Guidelines .........................1 1.2 The Guideline Construction Process..............................................................2 1.3 The Structure of the Guidelines .....................................................................2 1.4 How to Use the Guidelines ............................................................................2 2. Systematic Literature Reviews ..............................................................................3 2.1 Reasons for Performing Systematic Literature Reviews ...............................3 2.2 The Importance of Systematic Literature Reviews........................................3 2.3 Advantages and disadvantages ......................................................................4 2.4 Features of Systematic Literature Reviews....................................................4 2.5 Other Types of Review ..................................................................................4 2.5.1 Systematic Mapping Studies..................................................................4 2.5.2 Tertiary Reviews....................................................................................5 3. Evidence Based Software Engineering in Context ................................................5 4. The Review Process...............................................................................................6 5. Planning .................................................................................................................7 5.1 The need for a systematic review...................................................................7 5.2 Commissioning a Review ..............................................................................8 5.3 The Research Question(s) ..............................................................................9 5.3.1 Question Types ......................................................................................9 5.3.2 Question Structure ...............................................................................10 5.4 Developing a Review Protocol ....................................................................12 5.5 Evaluating a Review Protocol......................................................................13 5.6 Lessons learned for protocol construction ...................................................14 6. Conducting the review .........................................................................................14 6.1 Identification of Research ............................................................................14 6.1.1 Generating a search strategy ................................................................14 6.1.2 Publication Bias ..................................................................