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Mar 24, 2016 - The Act protects the right of the Walmart workers to engage in "overly spirited" .... First National Bank of Omaha v. .... Aluminum Co. of America,.
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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD

WAL-MART STORES, INC. Respondent, and THE ORGANIZATION UNITED FOR RESPECT AT WALMART (OUR Walmart) Charging Party.

Case Nos.

16-CA-096240 16-CA-105873 16-CA-108394 16-CA-113087 16-CA-122578 16-CA-124099 21-CA-105401 26-CA-093558 13-CA-107343

BRIEF IN SUPPORT OF CHARGING PARTY’S CROSS-EXCEPTIONS TO THE DECISION OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGE

DEBORAH J. GAYDOS JOEY HIPOLITO UNITED FOOD AND COMMERCIAL WORKERS INTERNATIONAL UNION 1775 K Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20006 Telephone: (202) 466-1520 Fax: (202) 728-1803 E-Mail: [email protected] [email protected] Attorneys for Charging Party

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page TABLE OF CONTENTS .............................................................................................................. i TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ...................................................................................................... iv STATEMENT OF THE CASE .................................................................................................... 1 QUESTIONS PRESENTED ........................................................................................................ 3 CHARGING PARTY’S EXCEPTIONS TO THE ALJ’S LEGAL CONCLUSIONS ................ 3 I. To eliminate confusion and unjust results, the Board should clarify what constitutes a lawful strike................................................................................................. 3 A. The Act protects the OUR Walmart workers' strikes in 2012 and 2013 from Walmart's discipline and firings. ............................................................................... 4 1. The Act protects the workers' strikes because they were motivated to protest working conditions and ULPs. ................................................................. 4 a. The Act protects strikers even when they do not articulate a demand prior to or during the strike. ........................................................................................ 8 b. The Act protects strikers regardless of whether the workers' demands and the strike itself were reasonable. ............................................................. 9 c. The Act protects strikes in which workers are motivated to strike for multiple and different reasons. ..................................................................... 10 d. The Act protects the workers' strikes because they completely ceased working, thereby subjecting themselves to replacement. ............................ 11 2. Walmart’s discipline and termination of the striking workers violated the Act because the Act protected all of the workers’ conduct while on strike. ............ 13 a. The Act protects the Walmart workers' strikes regardless of the strikes' timing or disruption of operations................................................................ 13 b. The Act protects the Walmart workers' strikes regardless of the number of workers who decided to join the strikes. ................................................. 15 c. The Act protects the Walmart workers' right to demonstrate in conjunction with the strikes. ........................................................................ 15

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d. The Act protects the right of the Walmart workers to engage in "overly spirited" conduct during a strike as long as the conduct is not coercive or physically threatening. ............................................................................. 16 e. The Act protects the workers' right to seek publicity for their strikes. .......................................................................................................... 19 f. The Act protects the workers' right to coordinate strikes with unions and community allies. .................................................................................. 19 3. The Act protects the Walmart workers' strikes because workers have the right to strike multiple times in multiple places over the same workpl