Universal primary education - unesdoc - Unesco

9 See Annex B: Definition of indicators in UIS, 2011 or the UIS online glossary. ..... has a slightly different meaning, depending on the population concerned: children who are out of school are ...... E-mail: [email protected] Website: ...
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UNESCO Bangkok Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

ASIA-PACIFIC END OF DECADE NOTES ON EDUCATION FOR ALL

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Universal Primary Education

ASIA-PACIFIC

END OF DECADE NOTES ON EDUCATION FOR ALL

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Universal Primary Education

Published by UNESCO Bangkok, UNICEF EAPRO and UNICEF ROSA www.unesco.org/bangkok, www.unicef.org/eapro, www.unicef.org/rosa and www.unicef.org/southasia

© UNESCO and UNICEF 2013 All rights reserved

ISBN 978-92-9223-433-1 (Print version) ISBN 978-92-9223-434-8 (Electronic version)

The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO and UNICEF concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The presentation of data and information as contained in this book, and the opinions expressed therein, do not necessarily reflect the position of UNESCO or UNICEF. UNESCO and UNICEF are committed to widely disseminating information and to this end welcomes enquiries for reprints, adaptations, republishing or translating this or other publications. Please contact [email protected] for further information.

Design/Layout: Sirisak Chaiyasook Cover photos: Front (from left to right): 1. © UNICEF/IDSA2011-00031/Josh Estey, 2. © UNICEF/2011/Naser Siddique, 3. © UNICEF/NYHQ1997-0462/Jim Horner, 4. © UNICEF/LAOA2008-5750/Jim Holmes Back (from left to right): 1. © UNICEF/INDA2010-00566/Giacomo Pirozzi, 2. © UNICEF/NYHQ2007-2772/Palani Mohan, 3. © UNICEF/NYHQ2012-1517/James Alcock

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AIMS/12/019-1000

Contents Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ix Executive summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.1 End of Decade Note on EFA Goal 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

2. Asia and the Pacific region: A highly diverse environment for schooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1 Structure and overview of this End of Decade Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

3. Current status of EFA Goal 2 and progress since the Mid-Decade Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

3.1 Access and participation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2 Progress and retention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.3 Completion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.4 Transition to secondary education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.5 Public expenditure on education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

4. Policy initiatives and strategic directions to achieve EFA Goal 2 . 27

4.1 Increasing policy emphasis on creating legal provisions for advancing primary education as a right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 4.2 Investment in primary education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .