USAID CEP - ReliefWeb

activities are conducted in support of the Government of Jordan and UN partners, for the development of the Jordan Response ...... namely corruption, lack of social justice, lack of respect for the rule of law by citizens, poor enforcement of the rule ... to their needs, as well as levels of trust in the police, i.e. law enforcement.
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USAID COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT PROJECT (USAID CEP) BASELINE ASSESSMENT JORDAN BASELINE REPORT FMEBRUARY 2016AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK ONITORING

USAID Community Engagement Project – Baseline Report – February 2016

Cover photo: Village in Irbid governorate, Jordan. © REACH, 2015 REACH operates under ACTED in Jordan and is a joint initiative of ACTED, IMPACT Initiatives and the UN Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT). REACH was established by ACTED in 2010 to strengthen evidence-based decision making by aid actors through efficient data collection, management and analysis before, during and after an emergency. This contributes to ensuring that communities affected by emergencies receive the support they need. All REACH activities are conducted in support of the Government of Jordan and UN partners, for the development of the Jordan Response Plan, and are within the framework of interagency aid coordination mechanisms.

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USAID Community Engagement Project – Baseline Report – February 2016

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Jordan has faced several structural challenges and inequalities since before the Syria crisis. These include strained public service delivery; challenges in communication between citizens and government, including limited participation of women in the public sphere1; high unemployment and limited prospects for youth2; pressure on natural resources, particularly water3; as well as perceptions of uneven or inadequate resource allocation between governorates. The protracted Syria crisis has exacerbated many of these challenges, with 635,324 displaced Syrians registered as refugees with UNHCR in Jordan as of January 20164, the majority living in Jordanian host communities5. The increase in population has intensified in particular those pre-existing challenges relating to public service delivery and resource allocation, as government at different administrative levels increasingly struggles to meet heightened demand. Previous assessments of social cohesion and resilience in Jordan have identified multiple drivers of tension, including intensified competition for basic services, livelihood opportunities and housing, coupled with limited communication between citizens, local government and other stakeholders6. Such issues pose challenges for social cohesion between host and refugee populations; within Jordanian communities; as well as between citizens and government at different administrative levels. Consequently, they highlight the need for strengthened community resilience or adaptability to shocks and persistent internal and external challenges, so as to nurture an environment conducive to long term, sustainable development and stability. USAID Community Engagement Project (USAID CEP) seeks to contribute to increased community resilience and support social cohesion in 19 communities in Mafraq, Irbid and Tafileh governorates. USAID CEP is a five-year activity which aims to achieve this goal by building community cohesion and enhancing the resilience of communities to more effectively address evolving challenges. Its grassroots approach utilizes a participatory process to engage community members in addressing community needs and stressors within the context of regional volatility and transitions associated with domestic policy reform, economic conditions, and demographic change. Specifically, USAID CEP works through and builds the capacity of Community Enhancement Teams (CETs), municipalities/local government and Community Based Organizations (CBOs) to support communities in identifying and prioritizing stressors; developing short- and long-term solutions to challenges through collaboration with relevant stakeholders; and using effective and transparent communication to strengthen community cohesion. Implementation of USAID CEP began in 2014 in nine communities in Mafraq, Irbid and Tafileh governorates, with an additional ten communities targeted in the same governorates in 2015. At the time of writing a small pilot activity was underway in Ma’an city