USAID SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH POLICY

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USAID SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH POLICY

Front Cover Photos A research team meets with local community stakeholders to discuss the benefits of gully rehabilitation in the Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Photo: USAID PEER Photo: USAID Principal Investigator, Kisioki Moitiko, introducing research students from the Community Development Training Institute to solar technology to be introduced in a project creating solar-electric micro grids in Maasai bomas. Photo credit: Elise Willer of ICSEE (USA) Students in Bali work on an assignment from a new environmental science curriculum incorporating Bali's traditional Subak heritage devised by Kaler Surata's PEER research award. Photo credit: Dr. Sang Putu Kaler Surata PEER Cycle 1, Project #121 research team

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USAID SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH POLICY

DECEMBER 2014 WASHINGTON, DC Questions can be sent to: [email protected]

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Table of Contents List of Acronyms ......................................................................................................................................................5 1. Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................................6 2. Designing research activities ..............................................................................................................................8

Setting research priorities ........................................................................................................................................................... 8 Engaging new partners ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Intellectual property considerations ........................................................................................................................................ 8 Capacity development .................................................................................................................................................................. 9 Open access to data and publications.................................................................................................................................10 3. Quality Standards in Research ........................................................................................................................ 10

Guidelines for research plans .................................................................................................................................................10 Guidelines for peer review ........................................................................................................................................................11 Influential scientific, financial or statistical information ..................................................................................................14 4. Ethical Standards in Research ......................................................................................................................... 14

Protection of human subjects ..................................................................................................................................................14 Care of laboratory animals .......................................................................................................................................................16 Research misconduct .................................................................................................................................................................16 5. Reporting Standards in Research .................................................................................................................... 16

Standards for research reports ..................................................................................................................