Women in Engineering: A comparative study of ... - Aspiring Minds

Though women have remained traditionally under-represented in the technology and engineering sector in India, recent increases .... representation of women in science, technology, math and engineering (STEM) education programs and careers. Despite great ...... Congressional Requesters. July 2004. Halpern, Diane F.
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Women in Engineering: A comparative study of barriers across Nations

Several staff members at Aspiring Minds contributed towards developing this study. Maya Escueta, who interned at Aspiring Minds, during her Public Policy Program at Duke University is the primary contributor to this report. Her efforts were supplemented by Tushar Saxena and the project was led by Varun Aggarwal. Prof. Tarun Khanna from Harvard Business School provided substantial guidance and tips to develop and improve the study.

Women in Engineering: A comparative study of barriers across Nations

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Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................................... 3 INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................................................... 4 Chapter 1: College Level Barriers for Female Engineers - A Comparison of Trends in India and United States ......................................................................................................................... 6 ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................................................................... 6 1.1 BACKGROUND: The Leaky Pipeline ................................................................................................... 6 1.2 LITERATURE REVIEW ............................................................................................................................ 7 1.3 METHODOLOGY......................................................................................................................................... 8 1.4 QUANTIFYING THE BARRIERS ............................................................................................................ 9 1.5 COLLEGE BARRIERS: ............................................................................................................................ 13 1.5.1 College Barrier 1: Isolation ........................................................................................................................... 13 1.5.2 College Barrier 2: Intellectual Intimidation ........................................................................................... 14 1.5.3 College Barrier 3: Lack of confidence ....................................................................................................... 15 1.5.4 College Barrier 4: Perceived Barriers Overall and Perceived Challenges ................................. 17

1.6 PRE-COLLEGE BARRIERS ................................................................................................................... 18 1.7 CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................................................... 19 REFERENCES .................................................................................................................................................. 21 Chapter 2: GENDER RATIOS in TOP ENGINEERING INSTITUTIONS: What we can learn from comparisons between U.S. and India...................................................................... 22 ABSTRACT ........................................................................................................................................................ 22 2.1 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................................... 22 2.2 BACKGROUND: A Disparity in Applicant to Admit Ratios...................................................... 23 2.3 SELF-SELECTION FOR FEMALE ENGINEERS IN INDIA .......................................................... 27 2.4 THE SELECTION PROCESS: INDIA versus the UNITED STATES .......................................... 28 2.5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................