Youth entrepreneurship in Europe: Values, attitudes, policies
When citing this report, please use the following wording: Eurofound (2015), Youth entrepreneurship in Europe: Values, attitudes, policies, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
Authors: Massimiliano Mascherini and Martina Bisello (Eurofound) and IKEI research & consultancy. With special thanks to Lidia Salvatore for her valuable help and support during the course of the project. Research manager: Massimiliano Mascherini Eurofound project: Youth entrepreneurship in Europe – Values and characteristics of young entrepreneurs
Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015 Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
© European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2015. For rights of translation or reproduction, applications should be made to the Director, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland.
The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) is a tripartite European Union Agency, whose role is to provide knowledge in the area of social and work‑related policies. Eurofound was established in 1975 by Council Regulation (EEC) No. 1365/75, to contribute to the planning and design of better living and working conditions in Europe.
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Contents Executive summary
Introduction5 1 – Setting the scene
Youth entrepreneurship on the EU policy agenda Defining youth entrepreneurship
Measuring youth entrepreneurship
Characteristics of young European entrepreneurs
Profile of the businesses
Conclusions20 2 – Youth attitudes towards entrepreneurship Individual and social attitudes towards entrepreneurship
Conclusions30 3 – Values of young entrepreneurs
Work values of young Europeans
Basic human values of young entrepreneurs
Conclusions41 4 – Initiatives to promote youth entrepreneurship in five EU Member States
Fostering a more entrepreneurial mindset, attitudes and culture
Providing information, advice, coaching and mentoring
Removing practical barriers and easing access to credit
Case study: Finland
Case study: Hungary
Case study: Ireland
Case study: Spain
Case study: Netherlands
Conclusions and lessons learned
5 – Conclusions
Country codes Country codes for EU Member States AT