Youth entrepreneurship in Europe - ISYEC International Symposium ...

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Youth entrepreneurship in Europe: Values, attitudes, policies

When citing this report, please use the following wording: Eurofound (2015), Youth entrepreneurship in Europe: Values, attitudes, policies, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

Authors: Massimiliano Mascherini and Martina Bisello (Eurofound) and IKEI research & consultancy. With special thanks to Lidia Salvatore for her valuable help and support during the course of the project. Research manager: Massimiliano Mascherini Eurofound project: Youth entrepreneurship in Europe – Values and characteristics of young entrepreneurs

Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015 Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.

Print

ISBN 978-92-897-1374-0

doi:10.2806/806644

TJ-01-15-144-EN-C

PDF

ISBN 978-92-897-1373-3

doi:10.2806/274560

TJ-01-15-144-EN-N

© European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 2015. For rights of translation or reproduction, applications should be made to the Director, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Wyattville Road, Loughlinstown, Dublin 18, Ireland.

The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) is a tripartite European Union Agency, whose role is to provide knowledge in the area of social and work‑related policies. Eurofound was established in 1975 by Council Regulation (EEC) No. 1365/75, to contribute to the planning and design of better living and working conditions in Europe.

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Telephone (+353 1) 204 31 00 Email: [email protected] Web: www.eurofound.europa.eu

Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union. Freephone number (*):

00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone operators do not allow access to 00 800 numbers or these calls may be billed.

Cover photograph: © Shutterstock Printed in Luxembourg The paper used in this book is chlorine-free and comes from managed forests in Northern Europe. For every tree felled, at least one new tree is planted.

Contents Executive summary

1

Introduction5 1 – Setting the scene

7

Youth entrepreneurship on the EU policy agenda Defining youth entrepreneurship

8 10

Measuring youth entrepreneurship

11

Characteristics of young European entrepreneurs

14

Profile of the businesses

17

Conclusions20 2 – Youth attitudes towards entrepreneurship Individual and social attitudes towards entrepreneurship

21 22

Conclusions30 3 – Values of young entrepreneurs

33

Work values of young Europeans

33

Basic human values of young entrepreneurs

36

Conclusions41 4 – Initiatives to promote youth entrepreneurship in five EU Member States

43

Fostering a more entrepreneurial mindset, attitudes and culture

44

Providing information, advice, coaching and mentoring

44

Removing practical barriers and easing access to credit

45

Case study: Finland

46

Case study: Hungary

54

Case study: Ireland

60

Case study: Spain

72

Case study: Netherlands

85

Conclusions and lessons learned

95

5 – Conclusions

99

Bibliography103

iii

Country codes Country codes for EU Member States AT

Austria

IE

Ireland