From Cairns to Craters, Conservation Heritage ... - Moors for the Future

Tel/Fax: 01433 621656 email: [email protected] ..... that survive as earthworks, there may be good survival of Prehistoric features below the peat. The finds of .... century, when they began to be superseded by blast furnaces and ..... vailable in practice from the 1950s and was formally drawn up into an agreement. 1,.
3MB Sizes 32 Downloads 160 Views
From Cairns to Craters: Conservation Heritage Assessment of Burbage Moors for the Future Report No 8 Dr Bill Bevan 2006

Moors for the Future is supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund The Partners are: English Nature, National Trust, Peak District National Park Authority, United Utilities, Severn Trent Water, Yorkshire Water, Sheffield City Council, Peak Park Moorland Owners and Tenants Association, Defra, Country Land and Business Association, National Farmers’ Union Project Manager: Chris Dean

The Moors for the Future Partnership The Moorland Centre Fieldhead Edale Hope Valley Derbyshire S33 7ZA Tel/Fax: 01433 621656 email: [email protected] website: www.moorsforthefuture.org.uk

CONTENTS Page

Abstract

1

Introduction

2

Location, Geology, Topography and Soils

2

Summary of Heritage Features

3

Summary of Archaeological History

5

Condition of the Archaeological Heritage

25

Methods for Safeguarding the Archaeological Heritage

27

Interpreting the Heritage of Burbage

29

List of Heritage Features

30

Recommendations for Further Work

103

Acknowledgements

104

Bibliography

105

ILLUSTRATIONS Photographs and Drawings 1 Location of Burbage Survey Area. 2 Burbage Survey - areas covered by Archaeological Features Plans 3 Winyards Nick cairn field 4 Carl Wark from the north-west 5 Millstone Edge was a major stone quarry from the Medieval period to the 20th century 6 Domed millstones below Carl Wark 7 Millstone blanks exposed from the ground at Mothers Cap Quarry 8 Large crushing stone below Burbage Edge 9 The Duke of Rutland’s Green Drive (the yellow line running through the bracken below Burbage Edge) 10 World War 2 bullet scars used by climbers for bouldering 11 Footpath erosion on Carl Wark. Left: northern end of western rampart. Right: entrance 12 Carl Wark from the south-east 13 Carl Wark from Higger Tor showing natural scarp edge

Page 2 After Page 2 7 9 13 14 15 15 19 23 25 30 33

14 The entrance to Carl Wark, showing build of southern wall 15 Build of the southern wall of Carl Wark 16 Carl Wark’s western rampart 17 Shelter adjacent to Carl Wark, looking south-west 18 Standing stone with cairn in background, Winyards Nick cairn field 19 Round house, looking west 20 Plan of Winyards Nick Burial Barrow 21 Propped part-carved millstone, north-east of Carl Wark 22 Plan of Toads Mouth Burial Barrow 23 Mothers Cap quarry 24 Millstone Edge quarry face 25 Quarry building at Millstone Edge 26 Bloomery waste mounds 27 Bloomery slag eroding from the top of a waste mound 28 Building from north-east 29 Mortar scar on a boulder 30 Chisel marks on a boulder 31 Burbage Quarry quarry face 32 Packhorse bridge 33 Ringinglow Roundhouse, an ornate 18th century toll house

33 34 34 37 38 39 40 42 51 53 56 57 63 64 65 67 69 71 74 85

Survey Theme Plans 1 Prehistory 2 Communication Routes 3 Industrial 4 Enclosure 5 Recreation 6 World War 2

After page

Archaeological Features Plans 1 Higger Tor - Carl Wark 2 Millstone Edge - Toads Mouth 3 Upper Burbage Bridge – Burbage Edge 4 Burbage Edge – Lower Burbage Bridge 5 Ringinglow – Houndkirk Road 6 Houndkirk Hill 7 Fox House – Piper House

After page 30 46 60 66 78 86 92

5 10 12 16 18 21

1

Abstract A total of 157 archaeological features and 19 artefacts findspots have been identified in Burbage by the current survey. Twenty features and all 19 findspots are recorded in the South Yorkshire or Derbyshire Sites and Monuments Record (SMR). This represents a 785% increase in known archaeological features as a result of the current survey. A further 6 sites recorded in the South Yorkshire and Derbyshire SMRs are considered not to b